Journal of Bacteriology
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen capable of group behaviors, including biofilm formation and swarming motility. These group behaviors are regulated by both the intracellular signaling molecule c-di-GMP and acylhomoserine lactone quorum-sensing systems. Here, we show that the Pseudomonas quinolone signal (PQS) system also contributes to the regulation of swarming motility. Specifically, our data indicate that 2-heptyl-4-quinolone (HHQ), a precursor of PQS, likely induces the production of the phenazine-1-carboxylic acid (PCA), which in turn acts via an as-yet-unknown downstream mechanism to repress swarming motility. We show that this HHQ- and PCA-dependent swarming repression is apparently independent of changes in global levels of c-di-GMP, suggesting complex regulation of this group behavior.
Ha, Dae-Gon; Merritt, Judith H.; Hampton, Thomas H.; Hodgkinson, James T.; Janecek, Matej; Spring, David R.; Welch, Martin; and O'Toole, George A., "2-Heptyl-4-Quinolone, a Precursor of the Pseudomonas Quinolone Signal Molecule, Modulates Swarming Motility in Pseudomonas aeruginosa" (2011). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 1056.