The Caenorhabditis elegans Heterochronic Regulator LIN-14 Is a Novel Transcription Factor That Controls the Developmental Timing of Transcription from the Insulin/Insulin-Like Growth Factor Gene ins-33 by Direct DNA Binding
Molecular and Cellular Biology
A temporal gradient of the novel nuclear protein LIN-14 specifies the timing and sequence of stage-specific developmental events in Caenorhabditis elegans. The profound effects of lin-14 mutations on worm development suggest that LIN-14 directly or indirectly regulates stage-specific gene expression. We show that LIN-14 can associate with chromatin in vivo and has in vitro DNA binding activity. A bacterially expressed C-terminal domain of LIN-14 was used to select DNA sequences that contain a putative consensus binding site from a pool of randomized double-stranded oligonucleotides. To identify candidates for genes directly regulated by lin-14, we employed DNA microarray hybridization to compare the mRNA abundance of C. elegans genes in wild-type animals to that in mutants with reduced or elevated lin-14 activity. Five of the candidate LIN-14 target genes identified by microarrays, including the insulin/insulin-like growth factor family gene ins-33, contain putative LIN-14 consensus sites in their upstream DNA sequences. Genetic analysis indicates that the developmental regulation of ins-33 mRNA involves the stage-specific repression of ins-33 transcription by LIN-14 via sequence-specific DNA binding. These results reinforce the conclusion that lin-14 encodes a novel class of transcription factor.
Hristova, Marta; Birse, Darcy; Hong, Yang; and Ambros, Victor, "The Caenorhabditis elegans Heterochronic Regulator LIN-14 Is a Novel Transcription Factor That Controls the Developmental Timing of Transcription from the Insulin/Insulin-Like Growth Factor Gene ins-33 by Direct DNA Binding" (2005). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 1124.