Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-1997

Publication Title

Molecular and Cellular Biology

Abstract

A screen for temperature-sensitive mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae defective in nucleocytoplasmic trafficking of poly(A)+ RNA has identified an allele of the NUP145 gene, which encodes an essential nucleoporin. NUP145 was previously identified by using a genetic synthetic lethal screen (E. Fabre, W. C. Boelens, C. Wimmer, I. W. Mattaj, and E. C. Hurt, Cell 78:275-289, 1994) and by using a monoclonal antibody which recognizes the GLFG family of vertebrate and yeast nucleoporins (S. R. Wente and G. Blobel, J. Cell Biol. 125:955-969, 1994). Cells carrying the new allele, nup145-10, grew at 23 and 30 degrees C but were unable to grow at 37 degrees C. Many cells displayed a modest accumulation of poly(A)+ RNA under permissive growth conditions, and all cells showed dramatic and rapid nuclear accumulation of poly(A)+ RNA following a shift to 37 degrees C. The mutant allele contains a nonsense codon which truncates the 1,317-amino-acid protein to 698 amino acids. This prompted us to examine the role of the carboxyl half of Nup145p. Several additional alleles that encode C-terminally truncated proteins or proteins containing internal deletions of portions of the carboxyl half of Nup145p were constructed. Analysis of these mutants indicates that some sequences between amino acids 698 and 1095 are essential for RNA export and for growth at 37 degrees C. In these strains, nuclear accumulation of poly(A)+ RNA and fragmentation of the nucleolus occurred rapidly following a shift to 37 degrees C. Constitutive defects in nuclear pore complex distribution and nuclear structure were also seen in these strains. Although cells lacking Nup145p grew extremely slowly at 23 degrees C and did not grow at 30 degrees C, efficient growth at 23 or 30 degrees C occurred as long as cells produced either the amino 58% or the carboxyl 53% of Nup145p. Strains carrying alleles of NUP145 lacking up to 200 amino acids from the carboxy terminus were viable at 37 degrees C but displayed nucleolar fragmentation and some nuclear accumulation of poly(A)+ RNA following a shift to 37 degrees C. Surprisingly, these strains grew efficiently at 37 degrees C in spite of a reduction in the level of synthesis of rRNAs to approximately 25% of the wild-type level.

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