Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Journal of Virology


Geisel School of Medicine


Mouse C3H 10T1/2 cells and the established rat embryo fibroblast cell line REF-52 are two cell lines widely used in studies of viral transformation. Studies have shown that transformation of 10T1/2 cells requires only the amino-terminal 121 amino acids of simian virus 40 (SV40) large T antigen, while transformation of REF-52 cells requires considerably more of large T antigen, extending from near the N terminus to beyond residue 600. The ability of a large set of linker insertion, small deletion, and point mutants of SV40 T antigen to transform these two cell lines and to bind p105Rb was determined. Transformation of 10T1/2 cells was greatly reduced by mutations within the first exon of the gene for large T antigen but was only modestly affected by mutations affecting the p105Rb binding site or the p53 binding region. All mutants defective for transformation of 10T1/2 cells were also defective for transformation of REF-52 cells. In addition, mutants whose T antigens had alterations in the Rb binding site showed a substantial reduction in transformation of REF-52 cells, and the degree of this reduction could be correlated with the ability of the mutant T antigens to bind p105Rb. There was a tight correlation between the ability of mutants to transform REF-52 cells and the ability of their T antigens to bind p53. These results demonstrate that multiple regions of large T antigen are required for full transformation by SV40.

Original Citation

Zhu J, Rice PW, Gorsch L, Abate M, Cole CN. Transformation of a continuous rat embryo fibroblast cell line requires three separate domains of simian virus 40 large T antigen. J Virol. 1992;66(5):2780-2791. doi:10.1128/JVI.66.5.2780-2791.1992