Journal of Virology
It was previously shown that spleen cells from endogenous ecotropic murine leukemia virus emv-14+ AKXL-5 mice fail to stimulate an anti-AKR/Gross virus cytolytic T-lymphocyte (CTL) response in a mixed lymphocyte culture with primed C57BL/6 responder spleen cells, whereas spleen cells from AKXL strains carrying the very similar emv-11 provirus do stimulate a response (Green and Graziano, Immunogenetics 23:106-110, 1986). We wished to determine whether the lack of response with AKXL-5 spleen cells was at the level of recognition between effector cell and target cell and whether the relevant mutation was within the emv-14 provirus. It is shown here that EMV-negative SC-1 fibroblast cells transfected with the major histocompatibility complex class I Kb gene and infected with virus isolated from the AKXL-5 strain (SC.Kb/5 cells) were not lysed by H-2b-restricted anti-AKR/Gross virus CTL. SC.Kb cells infected with virus isolated from emv-11+ strains, however, were efficiently lysed by anti-AKR/Gross virus CTL, indicating that there is nothing intrinsic to EMV-infected SC.Kb cells that would prevent them from being recognized and lysed efficiently by anti-AKR/Gross virus CTL. Analysis of virus expression for the infected SC.Kb cells by XC plaque assay and by flow cytometry indicated that emv-14 virus expression for SC.Kb/5 cells was not significantly different from that for emv-11-containing SC.Kb/9 or SC.Kb/21 cells. These data show that the mutation responsible for the lack of CTL recognition and lysis is at the level of recognition between target cell and effector cell. Furthermore, these data strongly suggest that the mutation is within the emv-14 genome. Flow cytometry experiments with monoclonal antibodies against a number of viral determinants indicated that there was no gross mutation detectable in the viral determinants analyzed. The data suggest that the relevant mutation may be a point mutation or a small insertion or deletion within a coding sequence that is critical for CTL recognition.
White, Hillary D.; Robbins, Michael D.; and Green, William R., "Mechanism of Escape of Endogenous Murine Leukemia Virus EMV-14 from Recognition by Anti-AKR/Gross Virus Cytolytic T Lymphocytes." (1990). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 1176.