Tobacco Induced Diseases
Research has shown that tobacco smoke contains substances of microbiological origin such as ergosterol (a fungal membrane lipid) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (in the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria). The aim of the present study was to compare the amounts of ergosterol and LPS in the tobacco and mainstream (MS) and sidestream (SS) smoke of some popular US cigarettes. We measured LPS 3-hydroxy fatty acids and fungal biomass biomarker ergosterol in the tobacco and smoke from cigarettes of 11 popular brands purchased in the US. University of Kentucky reference cigarettes were also included for comparison.
Larsson, Lennart; Pehrson, Christina; Dechen, Tenzin; and Crane-Godreau, Mardi, "Microbiological Components in Mainstream and Sidestream Cigarette Smoke" (2012). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 1234.