Human T-Cell Growth Factor: Partial Amino Acid Sequence, cDNA Cloning, and Organization and Expression in Normal and Leukemic Cells.

Steven C. Clark, Genetics Institute, Inc.
Suresh K. Arya, National Institutes of Health
Flossie Wong-Staal, National Institutes of Health
Michiko Matsumoto-Kobayashi, Genetics Institute, Inc.

S C Clark;S K Arya;F Wong-Staal;M Matsumoto-Kobayashi;R M Kay;R J Kaufman;E L Brown;C Shoemaker;T Copeland;S Oroszlan;et al.


The partial amino acid sequences of human T-cell growth factors (TCGFs) isolated from normal peripheral blood lymphocytes and from a leukemia T-cell line (Jurkat) show that the amino-terminal sequences of the two proteins (15 residues) are identical. Oligonucleotides based on the published Jurkat TCGF DNA sequence were used to isolate six cDNA clones of TCGF mRNA from normal lymphocytes. The predicted amino acid sequence of normal lymphocyte TCGF was identical to the sequence of the Jurkat protein, showing that the differences in biochemical properties of the two proteins result from post-translational events. Amino acid and nucleotide sequence data suggest that TCGF is derived from a precursor polypeptide that is cleaved at the amino terminus but not at the carboxyl terminus. Hybridization of the cloned lymphocyte TCGF cDNA to cellular DNA and RNA strongly suggested that the TCGF gene is expressed as a single mRNA species from a single-copy gene. No differences in the organization of the TCGF gene in normal, leukemic, and human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma virus-infected cells was detected regardless of whether they produce TCGF or not.