Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Yeast vacuole fusion requires 4 SNAREs, 2 SNARE chaperone systems (Sec17p/Sec18p/ATP and the HOPS complex), and 2 phosphoinositides, phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate [PI(3)P] and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2]. By reconstituting proteoliposomal fusion with purified components, we now show that phosphoinositides have 4 distinct roles: PI(3)P is recognized by the PX domain of the SNARE Vam7p; PI(3)P enhances the capacity of membrane-bound SNAREs to drive fusion in the absence of SNARE chaperones; either PI(3)P or PI(4,5)P2 can activate SNARE chaperones for the recruitment of Vam7p into fusion-competent SNARE complexes; and either PI(3)P or PI(4,5)P2 strikingly promotes synergistic SNARE complex remodeling by Sec17p/Sec18p/ATP and HOPS. This ternary synergy of phosphoinositides and 2 SNARE chaperone systems is required for rapid fusion.
Mima, Joji and Wickner, William, "Phosphoinositides and SNARE Chaperones Synergistically Assemble and Remodel SNARE Complexes for Membrane Fusion" (2009). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 1517.