Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics


Department of Physics and Astronomy


Pseudorandom circuits generate quantum states and unitary operators which are approximately distributed according to the unitarily invariant Haar measure. We explore how several design parameters affect the efficiency of pseudorandom circuits, with the goal of identifying relevant tradeoffs and optimizing convergence. The parameters we explore include the choice of single- and two-qubit gates, the topology of the underlying physical qubit architecture, the probabilistic application of two-qubit gates, as well as circuit size, initialization, and the effect of control constraints. Building on the equivalence between pseudorandom circuits and approximate t-designs, a Markov matrix approach is employed to analyze asymptotic convergence properties of pseudorandom second-order moments to a 2-design. Quantitative results on the convergence rate as a function of the circuit size are presented for qubit topologies with a sufficient degree of symmetry. Our results may be useful towards optimizing the efficiency of random state and operator generation.