Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Cosmology
Gravitational waves propagating through a stationary gauge field transform into gauge field waves and back again. When multiple families of flavor-space locked gauge fields are present, the gravitational and gauge field waves exhibit novel dynamics. At high frequencies, the system behaves like coupled oscillators in which the gravitational wave is the central pacemaker. Due to energy conservation and exchange among the oscillators, the wave amplitudes lie on a multidimensional sphere, reminiscent of neutrino flavor oscillations. This phenomenon has implications for cosmological scenarios based on flavor-space locked gauge fields.
Caldwell, R. R.; Devulder, C.; and Maksimova, N. A., "Gravitational Wave–Gauge Field Oscillations" (2016). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 1957.