Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Cosmology
We investigate the nonlinear dynamics of hybrid inflation models, which are characterized by two real scalar fields interacting quadratically. We start by solving numerically the coupled Klein-Gordon equations in static Minkowski spacetime, searching for possible coherent structures. We find long-lived, localized configurations, which we identify as a new kind of oscillon. We demonstrate that these two-field oscillons allow for “excited” states with much longer lifetimes than those found in previous studies of single-field oscillons. We then solve the coupled field equations in an expanding Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetime, finding that as the field responsible for inflating the Universe rolls down to oscillate about its minimum, it triggers the formation of long-lived two-field oscillons, which can contribute up to 20% of the total energy density of the Universe. We show that these oscillons emerge for a wide range of parameters consistent with WMAP 7-year data. These objects contain total energy of about 25×1020 GeV, localized in a region of approximate radius 6×10−26 cm. We argue that these structures could have played a key role during the reheating of the Universe.
Gleiser, Marcelo; Graham, Noah; and Stamatopoulos, Nikitas, "Generation of Coherent Structures After Cosmic Inflation" (2011). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 1966.