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Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Cosmology


Department of Physics and Astronomy


Cosmological departures from general relativity offer a possible explanation for the cosmic acceleration. To linear order, these departures (quantified by the model-independent parameter ϖ, referred to as a “gravitational slip”) amplify or suppress the growth of structure in the universe relative to what we would expect to see from a general relativistic universe lately dominated by a cosmological constant. As structures collapse and become more dense, linear perturbation theory is an inadequate descriptor of their behavior, and one must extend calculations to nonlinear order. If the effects of gravitational slip extend to these higher orders, we might expect to see a signature of ϖ in the bispectrum of galaxies distributed on the sky. We solve the equations of motion for nonlinear perturbations in the presence of gravitational slip and find that, while there is an effect on the bispectrum, it is too weak to be detected with present galaxy surveys. We also develop a formalism for incorporating scale dependence into our description of gravitational slip.