Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Cosmology
Oscillons are localized, non-singular, time-dependent, spherically-symmetric solutions of nonlinear scalar field theories which, although unstable, are extremely long-lived. We show that they naturally appear during the collapse of subcritical bubbles in models with symmetric and asymmetric double-well potentials. By a combination of analytical and numerical work we explain several of their properties, including the conditions for their existence, their longevity, and their final demise. We discuss several contexts in which we expect oscillons to be relevant. In particular, their nucleation during cosmological phase transitions may have wide-rangingconsequences.
Copeland, E J.; Gleiser, M; and Müller, H R., "Oscillons: Resonant Configurations During Bubble Collapse" (1995). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 1982.