Physical Review Letters
We present a procedure for exactly diagonalizing finite-range quadratic fermionic Hamiltonians with arbitrary boundary conditions in one of D dimensions, and periodic in the remaining D−1. The key is a Hamiltonian-dependent separation of the bulk from the boundary. By combining information from the two, we identify a matrix function that fully characterizes the solutions, and may be used to construct an efficiently computable indicator of bulk-boundary correspondence. As an illustration, we show how our approach correctly describes the zero-energy Majorana modes of a time-reversal-invariant s-wave two-band superconductor in a Josephson ring configuration, and predicts that a fractional 4π-periodic Josephson effect can only be observed in phases hosting an odd number of Majorana pairs per boundary.
Alase, Abhijeet; Cobanera, Emilio; Ortiz, Gerardo; and Viola, Lorenza, "Exact Solution of Quadratic Fermionic Hamiltonians for Arbitrary Boundary Conditions" (2016). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 2000.