The Astrophysical Journal
We estimate the relative contributions of the supermassive black hole (SMBH) accretion disk, corona, and obscuring torus to the bolometric luminosity of Seyfert galaxies, using Spitzer mid-infrared (MIR) observations of a complete sample of 68 nearby active galactic nuclei (AGNs) from the INTEGRAL all-sky hard X-ray (HX) survey. This is the first HX-selected (above 15 keV) sample of AGNs with complementary high angular resolution, high signal-to-noise, MIR data. Correcting for the host galaxy contribution, we find a correlation between HX and MIR luminosities: L 15 μm∝L0.74 ± 0.06 HX. Assuming that the observed MIR emission is radiation from an accretion disk reprocessed in a surrounding dusty torus that subtends a solid angle decreasing with increasing luminosity (as inferred from the declining fraction of obscured AGNs), the intrinsic disk luminosity, L Disk, is approximately proportional to the luminosity of the corona in the 2-300 keV energy band, L Corona, with the L Disk/L Corona ratio varying by a factor of 2.1 around a mean value of 1.6. This ratio is a factor of ~2 smaller than for typical quasars producing the cosmic X-ray background. Therefore, over three orders of magnitude in luminosity, HX radiation carries a large, and roughly comparable, fraction of the bolometric output of AGNs. We estimate the cumulative bolometric luminosity density of local AGNs at ~(1-3) × 1040 erg s–1 Mpc–3. Finally, the Compton temperature ranges between kT c ≈ 2 and ≈6 keV for nearby AGNs, compared to kT c ≈ 2 keV for typical quasars, confirming that radiative heating of interstellar gas can play an important role in regulating SMBH growth.
Sazonov, S.; Willner, S. P.; Goulding, A. D.; and Hickox, R. C., "Contribution of the Accretion Disk, Hot Corona, and Obscuring Torus to the Luminosity of Seyfert Galaxies: Integral and Spitzer Observations" (2012). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 2200.