The Astrophysical Journal
The Tully-Fisher (TF) relation is applied to obtain peculiar velocities of field spiral galaxies and to calculate dipoles of the peculiar velocity field to cz8000 km s-1. The field galaxy sample is spatially coextensive with and completely independent of a cluster sample, for which dipole characteristics are given in a separate paper. Dipoles of the peculiar velocity field are obtained separately by applying (1) an inverse version of the TF relation and selecting galaxies by redshift windowing and (2) a direct TF relation, with velocities corrected for the inhomogeneous Malmquist bias and windowing galaxies by TF distance. The two determinations agree, as they do with the cluster sample. When measured in a reference frame in which the Local Group is at rest, the dipole moment of field galaxies farther than ~4000 km s-1 is in substantial agreement, both in amplitude and direction, with that exhibited by the cosmic microwave background radiation field.
Giovanelli, Riccardo; Haynes, Martha P.; Freudling, Wolfram; da Costa, Luiz N.; Salzer, John J.; and Wegner, Gary, "Peculiar Velocity Dipoles of Field Galaxies" (1998). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 2283.