The Astrophysical Journal
Department of Physics and Astronomy
We present 1 Å resolution fast ultraviolet spectroscopy of YY Dra, coordinated U, B, V, R, and I photometry, and Hα spectroscopy. The UV continuum is strongly pulsed: we found 16% semiamplitude pulses with period 264.7(1) s; there was no evidence for power at twice this period. The UBV pulses are in phase with the UV continuum pulsation. A color temperature of 105 K was found for the pulse spectrum, with a corresponding area 0.5% of the white dwarf surface. We refine the white dwarf spin period, obtaining Pspin = 529.31 ± 0.02 s. Optical pulses at 273(1) s were also detected; we attribute these to reprocessing in structures fixed in the orbital frame. Variations in the C IV line profile are apparent when the data are folded on Pspin. Faint, broad line wings extending to ±3000 km s-1 appear simultaneously with the continuum pulsation maxima. This implies that accretion was occurring onto both magnetic poles. Consequent constraints on the accretion geometry and white dwarf mass are derived, and a minimum white dwarf mass of 0.62 M☉ is obtained. A color temperature T 30,000 K is derived for the unpulsed emission.
We determine a precise orbital period, 0.16537398 days, based on an unambiguous 14 yr cycle count. We describe a simple phase-matching technique used in the period search. The UV continuum and UBVR photometry show a single-humped orbital modulation; the I-band light curve shows a double-humped "ellipsoidal" shape. The deeper I-band minimum occurs at inferior conjunction of the mass donor, which suggests that heating of the L1 point dominates over gravity darkening. I-band light-curve modeling suggests i 50°. Orbital radial velocity variations of semiamplitude 91 ± 10 km s-1 were found in the C IV emission. Combining with the published value Ks = 202 ± 3 km s-1, this yields q = 0.45 ± 0.05. Assuming a Roche lobe-filling main-sequence mass donor and adopting the empirical ZAMS mass-radius relation, we obtain Ms = 0.375 ± 0.014 M☉, Mwd = 0.83 ± 0.10 M☉, and i = 45° ± 4°.
Dartmouth Digital Commons Citation
Haswell, Carole A.; Patterson, Joseph; Thorstensen, John R.; and Hellier, Coel, "Pulsations and Accretion Geometry in YY Draconis: A Study Based on Hubble Space Telescope Observations" (1997). Open Dartmouth: Published works by Dartmouth faculty. 2287.