Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-2004

Publication Title

Parasite (Paris, France)

Abstract

Most immunological studies that utilize different strains of inbred mice following T. gondii infection fail to compensate for differences in host susceptibility to the size of the parasite innoculum. To address this concern, susceptible C57BL/6 and resistant CBA/J mice were orally infected with either an equivalent 50 % lethal dose (LD50) of brain cysts of the 76K strain of T. gondii (15 cysts in C57BL/6, 400 cysts in CBA/J) or the same dose of parasites in each mouse strain. C57BL/6 mice receiving 400 cysts (LD50 of CBA/J mice) died post infection, whereas CBA/J mice that received 15 cysts (LD50 of C57BL/6 mice) survived. Parasite loads in the brains and serum Toxoplasma specific lgG1 titers of LD50-infected C57BL/6 mice were significantly higher than those in LD50- or 15 cysts-infected CBA/J mice, whereas splenocyte proliferation to Toxoplasma antigen and the percentage of CD8α+T cells were reduced in LD50-infected C57BL/6 mice. In contrast, serum lgG2a and lgM titers, the percentage of γδ T cells and IFN-γ expression of spleen of LD50- infected CBA/J mice were higher than those of either 15 cysts- infected CBA/J mice or LD50-infected C57BL/6 mice. These observations demonstrate that the immune response between LD50- infected C57BL/6 and CBA/J mice was more prominent when compared to C57BL/6 or CBA/J mice receiving the same parasite inoculum. These observations would suggest that caution must be excersized in the planning and interpretation of data when the size of the parasite inoculum has not been adjusted for mouse strain.

DOI

10.1051/parasite/200411189

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