Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Cosmology
We present a comprehensive, nonperturbative analytical method to investigate the dynamics of time-dependent oscillating scalar field configurations. The method is applied to oscillons in a φ4 Klein-Gordon model in two and three spatial dimensions, yielding high accuracy results in the characterization of all aspects of the complex oscillon dynamics. In particular, we show how oscillons can be interpreted as long-lived perturbations about an attractor in field configuration space. By investigating their radiation rate as they approach the attractor, we obtain an accurate estimate of their lifetimes in d = 3 and explain why they seem to be perturbatively stable in d = 2, where d is the number of spatial dimensions.
Gleiser, Marcelo and Sicilia, David, "General Theory of Oscillon Dynamics" (2009). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 2725.