Shared decision making (SDM) is a goal of modern medicine; however, it is not currently embedded in routine care. Barriers include clinicians attitudes, lack of knowledge and training and time constraints. Our goal is to support the development and delivery of a robust SDM curriculum in medical education. Our objective is to assess undergraduate medical students knowledge of and attitudes towards SDM in four countries.
METHODS AND ANALYSIS:
The first phase of the study involves a web-based cross-sectional survey of undergraduate medical students from all years in selected schools across the United States (US), Canada and undergraduate and graduate students in the Netherlands. In the United Kingdom (UK), the survey will be circulated to all medical schools through the UK Medical School Council. We will sample students equally in all years of training and assess attitudes towards SDM, knowledge of SDM and participation in related training. Medical students of ages 18 years and older in the four countries will be eligible. The second phase of the study will involve semistructured interviews with a subset of students from phase 1 and a convenience sample of medical school curriculum experts or stakeholders. Data will be analysed using multivariable analysis in phase 1 and thematic content analysis in phase 2. Method, data source and investigator triangulation will be performed. Online survey data will be reported according to the Checklist for Reporting the Results of Internet E-Surveys. We will use the COnsolidated criteria for REporting Qualitative research for all qualitative data.
ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION:
The study has been approved for dissemination in the US, the Netherlands, Canada and the UK. The study is voluntary with an informed consent process. The results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal and will help inform the inclusion of SDM-specific curriculum in medical education worldwide.
Durand, Marie-Anne; Yen, Renata; Barr, Paul J.; Cochran, Nan; Aarts, Johanna; Legare, France; Reed, Malcolm; O'Malley, A. James; Scalia, Peter; Painchaud Guérard, Genevieve; and Elwyn, Glyn, "Assessing Medical Student Knowledge and Attitudes about Shared Decision Making Across the Curriculum: Protocol for an International Online Survey and Stakeholder Analysis" (2017). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 2811.