Chemokines promote T cell migration by transmitting signals that induce T cell polarization and integrin activation and adhesion. Mst1 kinase is a key signal mediator required for both of these processes; however, its molecular mechanism remains unclear. Here, we present a mouse model in which Mst1 function is disrupted by a hypomorphic mutation. Microscopic analysis of Mst1-deficient CD4 T cells revealed a necessary role for Mst1 in controlling the localization and activity of Myosin IIa, a molecular motor that moves along actin filaments. Using affinity specific LFA-1 antibodies, we identified a requirement for Myosin IIa-dependent contraction in the precise spatial distribution of low and higher affinity LFA-1 on the membrane of migrating T cells. Mst1 deficiency or Myosin inhibition resulted in multipolar cells, difficulties in uropod detachment and mis-localization of low affinity LFA-1. Thus, Mst1 regulates Myosin IIa dynamics to organize high and low affinity LFA-1 to the anterior and posterior membrane during T cell migration.
Xu, Xiaolu; Jaeger, Emily R.; Wang, Xinxin; Lagler-Ferrez, Erica; Batalov, Serge; Mathis, Nancy L.; Wiltshire, Tim; Walker, John R.; Cooke, Michael P.; Sauer, Karsten; and Huang, Yina H., "Mst1 Directs Myosin IIa Partitioning of Low and Higher Affinity Integrins during T Cell Migration" (2014). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 2969.