Journal of Glaciology
As a complement to earlier measurements on the friction of both granular fresh-water ice and S2 columnar salt-water ice, new experiments were performed on the friction of S2 columnar fresh-water ice sliding against itself at low velocities (5 × 10−7 to 5 × 10−1 m s−1) and at −10°C, using the same double-shear device as was used earlier. The results showed that under a given set of experimental conditions the kinetic coefficient of friction of S2 fresh-water ice compares favorably with that of the other two variants.The experiments also revealed friction-induced surface cracks and recrystallized grains.These deformation features are explained, respectively, in terms of fracture mechanics and an earlier model of dynamic recrystallization in ice.
Montagnat, Maurine and Schulson, Erland M., "On Friction and Surface Cracking During Sliding of Ice on Ice" (2003). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 3018.