Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-15-2007

Publication Title

Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Cosmology

Abstract

We show that the annihilation of vortex-antivortex pairs can lead to very long-lived oscillon states in 2d Abelian Higgs models. The emergence of oscillons is controlled by the ratio of scalar and vector field masses, β=(ms/mv)2 and can be described as a phase transition in field configuration space with critical value βc≃0.13(6)±2: only models with βO(β)∼|β−βc|o, where O is an order parameter indicating the presence of oscillons and o=0.2(2)±2 is the critical exponent.

DOI

10.1103/PhysRevD.76.041701

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