Proceedings of the International Workshop on Ubiquitous Mobile Healthcare Applications (MobiCare)
More than 100 million Americans are currently living with at least one chronic health condition and expenditures on chronic diseases account for more than 75 percent of the $2.3 trillion cost of our healthcare system. To improve chronic illness care, patients must be empowered and engaged in health self-management. However, only half of all patients with chronic illness comply with treatment regimen. The self-regulation model, while seemingly valuable, needs practical tools to help patients adopt this self-centered approach for long-term care. \par In this position paper, we propose Mobile-phone based Patient Compliance System (MPCS) that can reduce the time-consuming and error-prone processes of existing self-regulation practice to facilitate self-reporting, non-compliance detection, and compliance reminders. The novelty of this work is to apply social-behavior theories to engineer the MPCS to positively influence patients' compliance behaviors, including mobile-delivered contextual reminders based on association theory; mobile-triggered questionnaires based on self-perception theory; and mobile-enabled social interactions based on social-construction theory. We discuss the architecture and the research challenges to realize the proposed MPCS.
Guanling Chen, Bo Yan, Minho Shin, David Kotz, and Ethan Berke. MPCS: Mobile-based Patient Compliance System for Chronic Illness Care. In Proceedings of the International Workshop on Ubiquitous Mobile Healthcare Applications (MobiCare), July 2009. 10.4108/ICST.MOBIQUITOUS2009.6829