Journal of Biomedical Optics
In this study, we demonstrate a method to quantify biomarker expression that uses an exogenous dual-reporter imaging approach to improve tumor signal detection. The uptake of two fluorophores, one nonspecific and one targeted to the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), were imaged at 1 h in three types of xenograft tumors spanning a range of EGFR expression levels (n = 6 in each group). Using this dual-reporter imaging methodology, tumor contrast-to-noise ratio was amplified by >6 times at 1 h postinjection and >2 times at 24 h. Furthermore, by as early as 20 min postinjection, the dual-reporter imaging signal in the tumor correlated significantly with a validated marker of receptor density (P < 0.05, r = 0.93). Dual-reporter imaging can improve sensitivity and specificity over conventional fluorescence imaging in applications such as fluorescence-guided surgery and directly approximates the receptor status of the tumor, a measure that could be used to inform choices of biological therapies.
Tichauer, Kenneth M.; Samkoe, Kimberley S.; Sexton, Kristian J.; Gunn, Jason R.; Tayyaba Hasan; and Pogue, Brian W., "Improved Tumor Contrast Achieved by Single Time Point Dual-Reporter Fluorescence Imaging" (2012). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship. 3642.