Molecular Biology of the Cell
Fusion of yeast vacuoles requires the Rab GTPase Ypt7p, four SNAREs (soluble N-ethylmaleimide–sensitive factor attachment protein receptors), the SNARE disassembly chaperones Sec17p/Sec18p, vacuolar lipids, and the Rab-effector complex HOPS (homotypic fusion and vacuole protein sorting). Two HOPS subunits have direct affinity for Ypt7p. Although vacuolar fusion has been reconstituted with purified components, the functional relationships between individual lipids and Ypt7p:GTP have remained unclear. We now report that acidic lipids function with Ypt7p as coreceptors for HOPS, supporting membrane tethering and fusion. After phosphorylation by the vacuolar kinase Yck3p, phospho-HOPS needs both Ypt7p:GTP and acidic lipids to support fusion.
Orr, Amy; Wickner, William; Rusin, Scott F.; Kettenbach, Arminja N.; and Zick, Michael, "Yeast Vacuolar HOPS, Regulated by its Kinase, Exploits Affinities for Acidic Lipids and Rab:GTP for Membrane Binding and to Catalyze Tethering and Fusion" (2015). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship. 3804.