Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Journal of Biomedical Optics


Thayer School of Engineering

Additional Department

Geisel School of Medicine


This study aims to determine if light scatter parameters measured with spatial frequency domain imaging (SFDI) can accurately predict stromal, epithelial, and adipose fractions in freshly resected, unstained human breast specimens. An explicit model was developed to predict stromal, epithelial, and adipose fractions as a function of light scattering parameters, which was validated against a quantitative analysis of digitized histology slides for N  =  31 specimens using leave-one-out cross-fold validation. Specimen mean stromal, epithelial, and adipose volume fractions predicted from light scattering parameters strongly correlated with those calculated from digitized histology slides (r  =  0.90, 0.77, and 0.91, respectively, p-value×  10  -  6). Additionally, the ratio of predicted epithelium to stroma classified malignant specimens with a sensitivity and specificity of 90% and 81%, respectively, and also classified all pixels in malignant lesions with 63% and 79%, at a threshold of 1. All specimens and pixels were classified as malignant, benign, or fat with 84% and 75% accuracy, respectively. These findings demonstrate how light scattering parameters acquired with SFDI can be used to accurately predict and spatially map stromal, epithelial, and adipose proportions in fresh unstained, human breast tissue, and suggest that these estimations could provide diagnostic value.