Journal of Glaciology
Thayer School of Engineering
Department of Earth Sciences
Microstructures, including crystallographic fabric, within the margin of streaming ice can exert strong control on flow dynamics. To characterize a natural setting, we retrieved three cores, two of which reached bed, from the flank of Jarvis Glacier, eastern Alaska Range, Alaska. The core sites lie ~1 km downstream of the source, with abundant water present in the extracted cores and at the base of the glacier. All cores exhibit dipping layers, a combination of debris bands and bubble-free domains. Grain sizes coarsen on average approaching the lateral margin. Crystallographic orientations are more clustered and with c-axes closer to horizontal nearer the lateral margin. The measured fabric is sufficiently weak to induce little mechanical anisotropy, but the data suggest that despite the challenging conditions of warm ice, abundant water and a short flow distance, many aspects of the microstructure, including measurable crystallographic fabric, evolved in systematic ways.
Gerbi, C., Mills, S., Clavette, R., Campbell, S., Bernsen, S., Clemens-Sewall, D., . . . Hruby, K. (2021). Microstructures in a shear margin: Jarvis Glacier, Alaska. Journal of Glaciology, 67(266), 1163-1176. doi:10.1017/jog.2021.62
Dartmouth Digital Commons Citation
Gerbi, Christopher; Mills, Stephanie; Clavette, Renée; Campbell, Seth; Bernsen, Steven; Clemens-Sewall, David; Lee, Ian; Hawley, Robert; Kreutz, Karl; and Hruby, Kate, "Microstructures in a shear margin: Jarvis Glacier, Alaska" (2021). Dartmouth Scholarship. 4100.