Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Thayer School of Engineering
Geisel School of Medicine
Background: Hyperthermia is one of the promising cancer treatment strategies enabled by local heating with the use of tumor-targeting magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) under a non-invasive magnetic field. However, one of the remaining challenges is how to achieve therapeutic levels of heat (without causing damages to regular tissues) in tumors that cannot be effectively treated with anti-tumor drug delivery. Results: In this work, we report a facile method to fabricate magnetic nanorods for hyperthermia by one-step wet chemistry synthesis using 3-Aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (APTMS) as the shape-controlling agent and ferric and ferrous ions as precursors. By adjusting the concentration of APTMS, hydrothermal reaction time, ratios of ferric to ferrous ions, magnetic nanorods with aspect ratios ranging from 4.4 to 7.6 have been produced. At the clinically recommended field strength of 300 Oe (or less) and the frequency of 184 kHz, the specific absorption rate (SAR) of these nanorods is approximately 50 % higher than that of commercial Bionized NanoFerrite particles. Conclusions: This increase in SAR, especially at low field strengths, is crucial for treating deep tumors, such as pancreatic and rectal cancers, by avoiding the generation of harmful eddy current heating in normal tissues.[Figure not available: see fulltext.]
Zhao, S., Hao, N., Zhang, J.X.J. et al. Fabrication of monodisperse magnetic nanorods for improving hyperthermia efficacy . J Nanobiotechnol 19, 63 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12951-021-00794-8
Dartmouth Digital Commons Citation
Zhao, Shan; Hao, Nanjing; Zhang, John X.J.; Hoopes, P. Jack; Shubitidze, Fridon; and Chen, Zi, "Fabrication of monodisperse magnetic nanorods for improving hyperthermia efficacy" (2021). Dartmouth Scholarship. 4200.