BioMed Research International
Symptomatic disease by nontuberculous mycobacteria has been linked to potable water from institutional and domestic potable water systems. Potable water samples were collected from homes and institutions of patients with AIDS. Colonization of potable water with nontuberculous mycobacteria was demonstrated in 230 (15%) of 1489 samples collected from domestic and institutional water systems of patients with HIV infection in the United States and Finland. Mycobacterium avium was the most common species and colonization was favored at temperatures of 40–50°C in recirculating hot water systems. Such systems are a plausible source of human infection and disease.
Ristola, Matti; Arbeit, Robert D.; von Reyn, C. Fordham; and Horsburgh, C. Robert, "Isolation of Mycobacterium Avium from Potable Water in Homes and Institutions of Patients with HIV Infection in Finland and the United States" (2015). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 556.