BioMed Central Geriatrics
Falls are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries among older adults. Exercise programs appear to reduce fall risk, but the optimal type, frequency, and duration of exercise is unknown. External perturbations such as tripping and slipping are a major contributor to falls, and task-specific perturbation training to enhance dynamic stability has emerged as a promising approach to modifying fall risk. The purpose of this pilot study was 1) to determine the feasibility of conducting a large pragmatic randomized trial comparing a multidimensional exercise program inclusive of the surface perturbation treadmill training (SPTT) to multidimensional exercise alone (Standard PT); and 2) to assess fall outcomes between the two groups to determine whether an effect size large enough to warrant further study might be present.
Lurie, Jon D.; Zagaria, Alexandra B.; Pidgeon, Dawna M.; Forman, Judith L.; and Spratt, Kevin, "Pilot Comparative Effectiveness Study of Surface Perturbation Treadmill Training to Prevent Falls in Older Adults" (2013). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 611.