Cell Death & Disease
One of the objectives in the development of effective cancer therapy is induction of tumor-selective cell death. Toward this end, we have identified a small peptide that, when introduced into cells via a TAT cell-delivery system, shows a remarkably potent cytoxicity in a variety of cancer cell lines and inhibits tumor growth in vivo, whereas sparing normal cells and tissues. This fusion peptide was named killer FLIP as its sequence was derived from the C-terminal domain of c-FLIP, an anti-apoptotic protein. Using structure activity analysis, we determined the minimal bioactive core of killerFLIP, namely killerFLIP-E. Structural analysis of cells using electron microscopy demonstrated that killerFLIP-E triggers cell death accompanied by rapid (within minutes) plasma membrane permeabilization. Studies of the structure of the active core of killer FLIP (-E) indicated that it possesses amphiphilic properties and self-assembles into micellar structures in aqueous solution. The biochemical properties of killerFLIP are comparable to those of cationic lytic peptides, which participate in defense against pathogens and have also demonstrated anticancer properties. We show that the pro-cell death effects of killer FLIP are independent of its sequence similarity with c-FLIP L as killer FLIP-induced cell death was largely apoptosis and necroptosis independent. A killer FLIP-E variant containing a scrambled c-FLIP L motif indeed induced similar cell death, suggesting the importance of the c-FLIP L residues but not of their sequence. Thus, we report the discovery of a promising synthetic peptide with novel anticancer activity in vitro and in vivo. .
Pennarun, B; Gaidos, G.; Bucur, O; and Tinari, A, "KillerFLIP: A Novel Lytic Peptide Specifically Inducing Cancer Cell Death" (2013). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 699.