Objectives: Concurrent intraductal papillary-mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) was observed in a patient (index case) at our institution. Cases of coincidental IPMN and type 1 AIP and concurrent ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and AIP have been previously reported. In this study we evaluate the hypothesis that IPMN elicits an IgG4 response. Methods: Twenty-one pancreases (including the index case) with IPMN resected at our institution were studied. H&E stained slides were reviewed and blocks of peritumoral pancreas were immunostained with IgG4 to look for IgG4-positive plasma cells. Results: We found evidence of variable IgG4 overexpression in 4/21 (19%) of IPMN. These included the index case and three others without stigmata of AIP. Conclusion: A small subset of pancreatic neoplasms including intraductal papillary-mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) is associated with an IgG4 autoimmune response that sometimes progresses to peritumoral type 1 AIP and less often to diffuse AIP and IgG4-related systemic disease.
Hedayat, Amin A.; Lisovsky, Mikhail; and Suriawinata, Arief A., "Association of IgG4 response and autoimmune pancreatitis with intraductal papillary-mucinous neoplasms" (2017). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 774.