Infection and Immunity
We previously reported that Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA14 secretes a protein that can reduce the apical membrane expression of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein. Here we report that we have used a proteomic approach to identify this secreted protein as PA2934 [corrected], and we have named the gene cif, for CFTR inhibitory factor. We demonstrate that Cif is a secreted protein and is found associated with outer membrane-derived vesicles. Expression of Cif in Escherichia coli and purification of the C-terminal six-His-tagged Cif protein showed that Cif is necessary and sufficient to mediate the reduction in apical membrane expression of CFTR and a concomitant reduction in CFTR-mediated Cl(-) ion secretion. Cif demonstrates epoxide hydrolase activity in vitro and requires a highly conserved histidine residue identified in alpha/beta hydrolase family enzymes to catalyze this reaction. Mutating this histidine residue also abolishes the ability of Cif to reduce apical membrane CFTR expression. Finally, we demonstrate that the cif gene is expressed in the cystic fibrosis (CF) lung and that nonmucoid isolates of P. aeruginosa show greater expression of the gene than do mucoid isolates. We propose a model in which the Cif-mediated decrease in apical membrane expression of CFTR by environmental isolates of P. aeruginosa facilitates the colonization of the CF lung by this microbe.
MacEachran, Daniel P.; Ye, Siying; Bomberger, Jennifer M.; Hogan, Deborah A.; Swiatecka-Urban, Agnieszka; Stanton, Bruce; and O'Toole, George A., "The Pseudomonas aeruginosa Secreted Protein PA2934 Decreases Apical Membrane Expression of the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator" (2007). Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles. 944.